Apertúra Film-Vizualitás-Elmélet
Winter, 2009. [Vol. IV. Nr. 2.] | Nyomtatás |

Winter, 2009. 

Anna Kérchy: Corporeal Configurations. Towards a Definition of Body Studies
The study provides a brief overview of body studies, concentrating on its major sources of inspiration, interconnections, branches, and the prominent cultural representations thematizing its crucial problematics. The discipline shall be circumscribed as an interdisciplinary research field analyzing the body in terms of its social interactions, power positionings, representational strategies, as well as its psychic relations, lived experience and narrative/performative identity-constructions - all considered in their micro- and macro-dynamic complexities. The paper explores 'symptomatic' contemporary artwork to reveal the dilemmas of the corporeal turn, and instead of drawing a final conclusion, attempts to outline the potentials of a corporeal narratology, with the aim to highlight the significance of learning to 'read/write bodies'. Full text in Hungarian

Ferenc Zsélyi: Celluloid Closeting - the Spectator, the Spectacle and the Seen
Psychoanalysis conceives the body as a space where the vision of the body is choreographed and orchestrated by "the rhetoric of the soul". The skin envelopes this space providing a horizon for it which represents the inner somatic functioning for the outside, subjective existence, and, likewise, it represents the outer, temporal existence and its politics against the inner somatic. The skin is as transparent as the celluloid ribbon and it also works with the same, "celluloid" logic. This study investigates what cinema is made of our bodies via these skin egos or functions. Under whose skin are we sitting in the cinema, and who is paying the price of/for this? The rhetoric of the cinema displays symptoms of primary narcissism: the spectator closes her eyes so as to see beyond her skin without and within. Full text in Hungarian

Orsolya Milián: Sounding bodies. Ambi-diegetic music, pop, and the historical past in Across the Universe
The essay starts out by discussing some general aspects of the genre of the musical and the relation between film and music, and introduces Morris B. Holbrook's concept of ambi-diegetic film music. The essay analyzes Julie Taymor's Across the Universe (2007) drawing upon Rick Altman's concept of dual-focus narrative, aiming to show the efficiencies and blind spots of this interpretive strategy. The argument furthers the need for a broader approach in analyzing the relation between musical and (pop) music, based mainly on the recognitions of cultural studies. Full text in Hungarian

Hilary Radner: New Hollywood's new women. Murder in mind - Sarah and Marge
Taking the example of two recent cult films, Terminator 2 and Fargo, the essay examines the way the classic Hollywood figure of the femme fatale is transformed, and proposes that the body image of the female characters examined differs significantly from earlier representations by offering a non-eroticized and at the same time fetishized body image. The "cosmology" of Fargo rejects the interpretation of the movie as a hallucinatory compensation, as part of the patriarchal economy: Fargo displaces the myth of the frontiers, the pioneers and the explorers. The deconstruction of this myth or narrative is achieved by a new scenario of the female role and the female body. Full text in Hungarian

Anne Balsamo: On the cutting edge. Cosmetic surgery and the technological production of the gendered body
The study discusses the relationship between cosmetic surgery, imaging technologies, and esthetic value judgments. The image making technologies used in surgery convey the image of a fragmented body. Exploring these surgical procedures is intriguing also from the perspective of the interplay between the (female) body and the social assessment of the body. Cosmetic surgery presupposes certain standards of beauty, guidelines along which "flaws" may be "corrected". The argument explores the cultural patterns informing the standards of the "beautiful body", and the ways these standards relate to the ideal proportions of bodies of different races. Another issue discussed concerns the narrative patterns legitimating the necessity of surgical intervention, and the way they relate to the politics of gender. Full text in Hungarian

Susan Bordo: Reading the Slender Body
The essay analyses the normalizing function of the contemporary preoccupation with slenderness through examining the cultural representations of the ideal body. The physical body is understood as a site of symbolic reproductions of the central anxieties of the "social body". The aim of the study is the decoding of the contemporary slenderness ideal so as to reveal the psychic anxieties and moral valuations contained within it. Images of protuberant areas of the body and bulged stomachs are regarded as metaphors for anxiety about internal processes out of control - uncontained desire, unrestrained hunger, uncontrolled impluse. These unwanted processes seem to be contained by two ideals: on the one hand by the slender body which, at the same time carries connotations of defencelessness against dominant oppression, and on the other hand by the athletic body , which has become a symbol of correct attitude, suggesting willpower and control over instincts. Full text in Hungarian

Anikó Oroszlán: Stílus és test. A koramodern angol színész a színháztudományban
The paper explores the interpretation of English Renaissance acting styles and the player's body in theatre studies. Its main argument is that the discourses, which mainly originate Renaissance acting from the art of rhetoric, have continuously and consequently neglected the player's body. For this reason, they are mostly inappropriate to approach Renaissance acting. Full text in Hungarian

Barát Erzsébet: Domestication of body as a database in the research of language usage
My article is concerned with exploring the ways of disavowing the body and the reasons thereof in the canonised tradition of my research field (in Hungary as well), the linguistic research on language and gender/sexuality although its representatives would like to believe that they carry out research in the interest of women. I will expose the reasons for their articulation of ‘body' as if self-sufficient immanent evidence; deconstruct the dominant practice of categorization in their meaning making practice those researchers come to be caught within, while feminist epistemology has been able to sidestep and reclaim the category of ‘identity' and ‘subject' beyond the non-productive and depoliticising essentialization or absolute relativisation divide that emerged in response to queer theory. Full text in Hungarian

Zoltán Dragon: Software and film: film in digital culture
The paper discusses the background of the changes going on in the history of film, the result of which is a shift not only in terms of cinema's technical aspects, but also in terms of its cultural and institutional role. The cinema is leaving its characteristic, well-determined media platform to join a convertible and customizable intermedial environment. Behind this change lies the shift from analogue technology to a digital one, the ongoing step of which is the fast paced switching from hardware to a ubiquitous control of software. This technical aspect of the change also determines our way of thinking about film as a medium. The paper explores the dialogue of software and film in order to point out that a new narrative and formal logic is taking shape recently. This is the latest challenge to film and film theory, while - interestingly - the precursor of the changes is cinema itself. Full text in Hungarian

Zoltán János Tóth: (Body)Pictures of an Exhibition
Taking the perspective of the discourses of social sciences about the body, the author analyses the Bodies exhibition by Gunther von Hagens, and explores the way this type of the mediatization of the body is connected, on the one hand, to the change of the system codifying the Western notion of the body, and on the other, to the contemporary epistemological crisis - the most prominent symptom of which is the multiplication of body representations. Full text in Hungarian